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King's Hedges Educational Federation

Excellence, achieved through care, creativity and challenge.

Northfield Avenue, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB4 2HU

01223 518330

History and Geography



Geography is embedded into our curriculum through the teaching of cross-curricular units that take an enquiry based approach. This helps to give more purpose to the learning and fosters curiosity and fascination about the world and the human and physical processes that shape it. Teaching of the subject is enriched through physical exploration and practical learning. As children progress through the school our aims are to stimulate the children’s curiosity and fascination through developing their:


  • Awareness and knowledge of the world, including distinct locations.
  • Understanding the physical and human processes that shape the world, and how these are related to each other.
  • Skills in interpreting geographical information through the use of maps, diagrams, aerial photography and globes.
  • Understanding of geographical information and processes though cross curricular work including numerical and data handling skills, and writing at length.
  • Sense of responsibility and respect towards the world’s natural resources and all its peoples, regardless of race, culture or religion.


Some ideas of how you can help, support and encourage your children at home:


  • If you are going on a trip, share the details with your children – have a look on a map to see where it is, and use the site map together to find your way around.
  • Talk about news stories about the local area, or even other places in the world.
  • Go out and explore! Encourage the children to observe their environment and compare it to other places they see.

Geography Work


Reception Topic

All About Me 

Reception have been talking about where they are from and the languages they speak. The reception teachers have made a lovely display to celebrate the many different languages that are spoken by the children.

Year 1 Topic    

What makes up our local community?

Year 1 have been busy learning about the local community. They have been thinking about their local amenities such as the shops and the doctors. They agreed that their local parks are very important because they have lots of fun at the parks and see their friends. They have considered the amenities that they would like to see in the area. In upcoming lessons they will be using google earth and aerial photos to see what the area looks like from above. The children have also been looking at various postcodes and road names and thinking about how these are used when people deliver the post.

Year 2 Topic    

Where did pirates sail to find treasure?

Year 2 have been developing their geography skills through their topic ‘Where did pirates sail to find treasure?’ They have been using globes and atlases to name places in the world including oceans and they have been describing features of an island. The children have learnt lots about Barbados and some children in the year group could even share their experiences as they had been there. The children have recently been considering how jobs are different in different places across the world. The children have been describing memorable pirates and they have written letters from the perspective of a pirate.

Year 3 Topic    

Where’s the best place to put your rubbish?

Year 3 have been identifying natural and man-made features.

Year 4 Topic    

 What makes a great journey?

Year 4 are so engaged in their current topic called ‘What makes a great journey?’ They started their topic by showing each other postcards that they had sent to school during the Summer holiday. The postcards had been part of their home learning and the children had included lots of detail. They were excited to find postcards from Mr Lander and Mrs Richardson. They had sent postcards from America. The children enjoyed researching places in the USA and they went on to write a descriptive postcard from America. They have also been describing a position using compass points and using co-ordinates.

Year 5 Topic      

Are we there yet?

Year 5 are excited by their first Geography theme this year which is called ‘Are we there yet?’ They have been using maps, aerial photos and e-resources to focus on their locality. They have considered how the local area around King’s Hedges has developed over the last 10 years. The children have also been discussing what they like about the area and suggesting what changes they would like to be made in the future. They are in the process of writing a guided tour of the school for new pupils and they are including relevant directional language. They will be moving on to reading ‘Why the Whales Came’ by Michael Morpurgo, initially focussing on the description of an island. The children have written a description of their favourite places. These places included Nan’s back garden, Cornwall and France.



History is also embedded into our curriculum through the teaching of cross-curricular units that take an enquiry based approach. This helps to give more purpose to the learning and encourages the children to kindle their enthusiasm and curiosity to know more about the past. Pupils will be encouraged to enquire about the past and begin to make their own judgements, based on their encounters and developing ability to interpret a variety of historical sources, both in school and further afield. As children progress through the school our aims are to inspire the children to become curious historians through:


  • Developing their chronological understanding.
  • Learning about the history of Britain and understand how people’s lives have shaped the nation.
  • Investigating and understanding the history of the wider world through ancient civilisations.
  • Learning and using historical skills to investigate and interpret historical sources.
  • Understanding how to use historical sources to present and justify an opinion.


Some ideas of how you can help, support and encourage your children at home:

  • Talk to your children about family history to help establish a sense of the past. Perhaps even try to research your family tree.
  • First World War – if you have family connected to the war this is a good place to start to talk about the past

Get out and about! There are many places in and around Cambridge to visit and find out about the history of this area and also the world. In Cambridge the Fitzwilliam Museum has free entry and a wealth of history to explore. Have a look at the website for some ideas of places to go.

Year 1

Houses Through Time

Year 1 have enjoyed their history topic focused on various houses from the following periods in history: Medieval, Tudor, Georgian and Victorians. They wrote interesting reports about their learning. They also compared modern rooms and Victorian rooms for example the kitchen and the living room.

Victorian Toys

We have been learning all about Victorian toys. We have been comparing them to the toys we play with at home and at school.  We had the opportunity to explore a range of replica Victorian toys and we made our own cup and ball toy.  We enjoyed learning about all of the different types of toys and we also discovered that some of the toys are still played with today.  We also learnt about the huge difference between ‘rich’ toys and ‘poor’ toys. We did some writing in role and received our very own Victorian birthday presents!  We wrote diary entries about our birthday and what we thought of our new toys.    

Year 2 

Fire of London

enjoyed their Fire of London topic! They were able to recount and create a timeline of some famous from Britain who lived in the past, explaining what they did and why it was important. They chose to look at Samuel Pepy’s life and wrote a biography all about him. They imagined asking him questions and explained how the fire spread through London, using this understanding to write diary entries.


History of Flight Over Time

Year 2 have been learning all about how flight has changed over time! They enjoyed a visit to Duxford Imperial War Museum and were amazed by all of the different types of planes they were able to see. In the classroom, the children have written diary entries about their trip, descriptions of flying machines and even biographies of the Wright Brothers.

Year 3   

Ancient Egyptians

Year 3 enjoyed their Tomb Raiders topic all about the Ancient Egyptians. They developed their research skills to find answer to specific historical questions like ‘How did the Ancient Egyptians mummify their dead?’ During their research, they used both ipads and books (secondary sources) and discussed which resources were most useful. They also had the opportunity to visit the Fitzwilliam Museum and looked at artefacts from the past.


Year 4 


Year 4 enjoyed learning about the Romans! They had a fantastic Roman Day in which they enjoyed eating Roman-inspired food! In writing, they have produced some great pieces of work including a biography about Julius Caesar, a poem inspired by the Romanisation of Britain and an argument discussing if and how the Romans improved the British way of life. Year 4 enjoyed creating timelines, looking at primary and secondary sources as well as maps of Roman Britain.


Anglo Saxons - West Stow

Year 4 have really enjoyed their Anglo-Saxons topic and had the opportunity to go to West Stow to learn all about how people from the past lived in our locality. In the classroom, they have been inspired to write an Anglo-Saxon Village report, an adventure story featuring a king, treasure and a monster and a poem looking at how they arrived in Britain across the seas!

Year 5


Year 5 have really enjoyed their recent History topic. They have learnt about the Normans and looked at historical sources like the Bayeux Tapestry and created different castles for Home Learning. They have also written fascinating reports about the Battle of Hastings.

Anglo Saxons - Invasion

Year 5 enjoyed learning about the Anglo-Saxons. Through developing their research skills, using ipads and books, they learnt all about the lifestyles of the Anglo-Saxon people and the impact of the invasion on the Britons. They wrote fascinating balanced arguments which discussed the fairness of the Anglo-Saxon invasion. In order to do this, Year 5 identified different reasons for and against the Anglo-Saxons invading and ordered them in importance.



In Spring term, Year 5 have thoroughly enjoyed their Viking topic. They have expanded on their prior knowledge of British history to consider the impact on the Vikings’ arrival in Britain and their consequent raids on Lindisfarne. Through history lessons, the children learnt about Viking mythology and religion, in addition to learning about the ‘Thing’ (the Viking equivalent to government) and compared and contrasted it to the current way our country is governed now. In writing, they have produced some thrilling stories centred on their own Viking character.


Year 6

 Ancient Greeks

Year 6 have loved learning all about the Ancient Greeks - they have learnt about the history of the Olympic games, what Ancient Greek mathematicians have done for us today and drawn 3D Greek Temples using isometric paper. After learning all about the Ancient Greek theatre, they enjoyed writing their own stories featuring a mythical creature and a hero.

Ancient Mayans

Year 6 have also enjoyed combining their History and Geography knowledge in their recent ‘Chocolate topic’. They have explored the history of chocolate: finding out about the origins of the cacao bean and the Ancients Mayans with their ‘xocolatl’; the impact of chocolate on the beliefs of the Aztecs and their king, Montezuma; and finally, the journey of the Spanish Conquistadors who brought chocolate over to Europe. They completed some great pieces of historical research whilst exploring the geographical journey of chocolate across the world using atlases and globes. Year 6 even had the opportunity to order various events for a timeline task during continuous learning activities.


World War 2

In the Spring term, Year 6 have been inspired to write some detailed pieces of writing from their exciting Duxford Imperial War Museum trip including: diary entries as if they were experiencing the Blitz in an air-raid shelter, a letter as an evacuee responding to a family member’s letter, an emotive description of the soldiers on the boats during D-Day, and finally a non-chronological report about different aspects of World War Two. They have even managed to squeeze in a poem and another description of evacuees leaving the train station.